Rats and mice pose serious threats to health and property. They eat a wide variety of stored food. The size of rodent populations is always in direct proportion to the amount of food available. Pet food, poorly stored human food, garbage and compost are other good food sources for rats and mice. They like to stay out of sight, even when feeding to avoid predators. Rats and mice do most of their food foraging in the dark. Clutter in the home, debris, construction lumber, wooden sidewalks and decks on the ground all provide a safe shelter for rodents. Once they sense the warmth of a building they will try to find entry points.
Rats and mice carry potentially fatal diseases and contaminate human food. They damage structures by chewing electrical wires creating the potential for a structure fire. Rodents may also cause water damage from chewing from roof shingles, water pipes and fascia board. Perhaps more than any other pest, rodents signal unsanitary conditions, and rightly so.
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Deadly Rat Urine Threat On The Rise
JOHOR BARU: Johor has recorded a spike in leptospirosis (rat urine disease) cases with 228 as of this month compared with 205 in 2016, said state health, environment, information and education committee chairman Datuk Ayub Rahmat.
Johor Baru has the highest number of leptospirosis cases this year with 55 reported, followed by Segamat with 37 cases and 30 in Kluang.
There were 13 deaths this year compared to nine recorded last year, said Ayub.
He said there were 68 cases of leptospirosis in Johor in 2012, with 63 in 2013, 388 in 2014, 306 in 2015 and 205 in 2016.
Ayub said apart from floods, leptospirosis could also spread due to unhygienic surroundings of recreational forests or parks such as waterfalls, ponds and lakes.
The lackadaisical attitude of visitors who dirtied recreational forests or parks made the places perfect breeding grounds for rodents, he said.
Ayub said although there were notice boards requesting visitors to keep the places clean, they continued to litter.
“Residents in housing estates as well as hawkers and visitors to our recreational parks should not dump their rubbish and food waste into monsoon drains and waterways,” said Ayub.
“Do not blame the authorities if you are exposed to the dangerous disease,” he added.
The symptoms of leptospirosis include stomach ache, flu and fever. If left untreated, it could eventually lead to organ failure and death.
He said apart from leptospirosis, the State Health Department also monitored post-flood diseases such as cholera, typhoid, dengue and melioidosis.
Melioidosis is an infectious disease caused by a bacterium called bukholderia pseudomallei which is found in contaminated water and spread to humans and animals through direct contact with the contaminated source.
Public hospitals in Johor are ready and well-prepared in case the number of flood victims increase drastically, added Ayub.
source from: The Star Online
Rats! More dirty outlets exposed
RAT droppings and dead cockroaches were found in the kitchens and storerooms of two popular Chinese dim sum restaurants in George Town.
At one of the shops, maggots were even found wriggling in the small aluminium bowls meant for the steamed dim sum while a rat carcass was spotted in the kitchen.
The Penang Island City Council and state Health Department officers made the shocking discovery when they carried out spot checks on the outlets including one which has almost 90 years of history.
The two outlets in Campbell Street and Kimberley Street were ordered to close for two weeks to clean up their act, effective 2pm yesterday.
Councillor Ong Ah Teong said the Health Department took action against the operators under the Food Act (Section 11) 1983.
Under the Act, the owners can face imprisonment of up to five years, or a RM10,000 fine, or both.
He said the two operators were each slapped with a RM250 compound by the council for discharging their waste directly into drains.
Ong, who is also the council’s Licensing and Public Health Standing Committee alternate chairman, said the cleanliness at the two premises left much to be desired.
He said they found cockroaches, traces of rat faeces and urine in the storeroom and kitchen during their first raid in Kimberley Street.
On the second outlet in Campbell Street, Ong said he found it hard to stomach the sight of maggots in the aluminium bowls and a rat carcass in the kitchen.
“We hope they can clean up the mess.
“The operators would be allowed to reopen once the authorities are satisfied with the cleanliness of their premises.
“They can call us for inspection again within the 14-day period,” he said.
The joint crackdown involved three state health department officers and 11 council officers.
Just three weeks ago, two nasi kandar outlets including the famous Line Clear Nasi Kandar were also ordered to close for two weeks for failing to comply with basic hygiene and health standards.source from: The Star Online